Welcome to IAABO Play Book+
This video was developed by IAABO to show the Casebook in a visual format and help officials learn the rules by seeing them applied.
You, the viewer, can decide how best to enjoy the video.

For individuals who want to understand the play situation, the clip contains a title page, casebook page, and a "Key Concepts" page that outlines each play situation and the pertinent rules that apply.  Each of these pages will stay on the screen for 3 seconds.  The viewer can "pause" the video on any of these pages to allow the necessary time to read the information.   

If the viewer wishes to go directly to the video clip, simply move your cursor to the 9-second mark of the clip and watch the play.  See if you can determine the correct ruling.  The clip will play a second time.  This time, the clip will provide a “Play Analysis” and outline the correct ruling and key concepts that apply.    

We hope you will enjoy this educational tool, and it enhances your understanding of the rules.
To see more plays like this, log onto the “Members Area” on the IAABO website at https://www.iaabo.org  and you will have access to the entire Video Playbook database.    

Block/Charge Coverage in the Lane (CO3)
(IAABO Manual pg. 137, Section 8.d, pg. 139 Section 10.1, Diagrams, pgs. 160-161)
Ruling on Block/Charge plays remains one of the biggest challenges in today’s game.  In addition to mastering the rules involved, officials need to be aware of the proper coverages and responsibilities to ensure we are in a position to get these plays right.
The Lead is responsible for identifying potential secondary defenders in anticipation for block/charge plays. When a player drives to the basket, the Lead has primary coverage for all plays in the lane area when it involving secondary defenders including from the Center’s side of basketline.
On drives to basket from the Center’s side of basketline, the Center has primary responsibility for block/charge plays when it involves a primary defender.
One purpose for outlining these specific coverages is to reduce the number of double whistles that occur in the lane area on drives to the basket.  In order to prevent conflicting rulings should a double whistle occur, officials are reminded to display the “stop-the-clock” signal, make eye contact with their partner(s) before signaling.  Often times, after making eye contact the crew should defer to the official who is primarily responsible for the play to make the ruling.   If a conference is necessary, the crew should get together to briefly discuss to ensure the ruling is accurate.   

"Was that a Backcourt Violation?"
(Ray McClure, Independent member, GA)
Determining whether a backcourt violation has occurred can be as simple as A-A-A. The “A” represents Team A, which is the team on offense.  The “A” is also one of two possible answers to three questions, which will determine whether a backcourt violation has occurred. 
This “Three-A Teaching Technique” has proven to serve as an easy-to-remember lesson for officials, regardless of their years of experience.
The first part of this Lesson is:
All three A's must be present to have a backcourt violation.
Here are the three “A” questions:
  1. Which team has team control in the frontcourt?  (If the answer is Team A, that is the First A).
  2. Which team was the last to touch or be touched by, the ball before the ball went into the backcourt?     (If the answer is Team A, that is the Second A).
  3. Which Team is the first to touch or be touched by the ball after the ball has gone into the backcourt?    (If the answer is Team A, that is the Third A).
Again, if all three answers are Team A, a backcourt violation will always result.  If any of the three A's is missing, there can never be a backcourt violation.
Here is a Case Play to clarify:
  • A1 is dribbling the ball in the frontcourt when B1 hits the ball.
  • The ball deflects off A1’s foot and goes into the backcourt.
  • A1 quickly recovers the ball.
  • The official rules this to be a backcourt violation as soon as A1 touches the ball.
  • Is the official correct?
Apply the “Three A’s” and the accurate ruling becomes obvious.  The official is correct; this is a backcourt violation.
Here is another Case Play for further clarification:
  • A1 is holding the ball in the frontcourt near the Division Line.
  • He spins the ball into the backcourt and has it bounce back to him while still in the frontcourt.
  • The official rules this to be a backcourt violation.
  • Is the official correct?
Once again, when we apply the three A’s, the accurate ruling becomes obvious.  The official is correct; this is a backcourt violation.
Let's now apply the Three A's to each of these situations to determine the accuracy of these two rulings.
  • Question #1:  Does Team A have team control in their frontcourt?
    The answer is yes in both plays.  (That is the First A).
  • Question #2:  Which team was the last to touch or be touched by the ball before it went into the backcourt?
    The answer is Team A in both plays.  (That is the Second A).
  • Question #3:  Which team is the first to touch or be touched by the ball after it has gone into the backcourt?
    The answer is Team A in both plays.  (That is the Third A).
One more time:
If all three A's are present, a backcourt violation will always result.  If any of the A's is missing, there can never be a backcourt violation. 
Therefore, not only do we basketball officials need to know our ABC’s, it will certainly serve us well to know our AAA’s.

Rules Quizzes
(Answers are located at the bottom of the page)
NFHS Edition
1. The following are legal: 
A. A center restraining circle that is a solid color different from the natural color of the court.
B. A center restraining circle that has a 2-inch wide shadow bordered line.
C. A center restraining circle that has a 1/4 inch wide solid line.
D. All of the Above
2. B1 jumps in front of dribbler A1 and gets both feet down inbounds and is facing A1, but does not give A1 any time or distance to stop. The official rules B1’s position is legal. True or False?
3. A1 ends a dribble and attempts to pass the ball to A2. After the pass is released, the ball is deflected by B2.  A1 recovers the ball and begins a dribble.  The official rules this a legal play.  True or False?
4. A1 is driving to the basket and is intentionally fouled by B1.  A1 is injured on the play. Any player on Team A may attempt the free throws. True or False?
5. When may a time-out be reduced in length. 
Men's Collegiate Edition
1. Prior to the game, the officiating crew is notified that the game will be played using electronic transmission from a “chip” in the basketball to an off court receiver. The referee inspects the basketball and determines the chip has no perceptible effect on the basketball. Is the chip legal or illegal.
2. B1 straddles the leg of A1 who has control of the ball. B1 makes contact with A1 and A1 contacts B1 with an elbow while making a normal basketball move with the firearms that are vertical. The Center Official rules a foul on B1. T-F
3. When may a team called timeout be reduced in length. 
4. A Flagrant 1 Foul can only be a personal foul. T-F
5. A Flagrant 2 Foul when there is contact when the ball is dead is a technical foul. T-F 

Women's Collegiate Edition
1. The following are legal: 
A. A solid 2 inch-wide interrupted line: 4 inches long, 2 inch break, 4 inches long, 2 inch break, etc.
B. A center restraining circle that has a 2 inch wide shadow bordered line.
C. A center restraining circle that has a 1/4 inch wide solid line.
D. All of the Above
2. B1 jumps in front of dribbler A1. B1 gets both feet down inbounds and is facing A1, but does not give A1 any time or distance to stop, the primary coverage area official rules B1’s position is legal. T-F
3. A player may dribble a second time if the first dribble ended with loss of control due to a pass that has touched another player. T-F
4. A1 is driving to the basket and is intentionally fouled by B1. A1 is injured on the play. Any player on Team A may attempt the free throws. T-F
5. May a team reduce the length of a time out. 
International Edition
1. A1 is standing with both feet in their back court close to the center line, when A1 bounce passes the ball to A2 who is standing with both feet in their back court close to the center line. During the pass, the ball touches Team A’s front court before A2 touches it. The trail official rules a back court violation. T-F
2. The offensive player with the ball must be allowed enough space for a normal basketball play within his/her cylinder. The normal basketball play includes starting a dribble, pivoting, shooting and passing. T-F
3. Goaltending occurs during a shot for a field goal when a player touches the ball while its completely above the level of the ring and:
A. It is on its downward flight to the basket.
B. After it has touched the back board.
C. Both A and B.
4. Goaltending occurs during a shot for a free throw when a player touches the ball while it is in flight to the basket and before it touches the ring. T-F
5. Team A’s alternating possession throw-in is kicked by B3. Team A is awarded the ball nearest to where the violation occurred. The trail official instructs the scorer to set the alternating possession arrow to Team B when the throw-in ends. T-F

For Basketball Refs, Agreeing to a Vaccine Mandate
was "Not That Difficult"
By Sopan Deb
Sept. 13, 2021Updated 4:02 p.m. ET

Late last month, the N.B.A. sent out a short news release announcing an agreement with the union representing the league’s referees to mandate Covid-19 vaccines. It stipulated that all referees must to be fully vaccinated to work games, including “recommended boosters.”

Otherwise, the statement said, referees couldn’t work.

The announcement came after a tumultuous N.B.A. season in which several referees had to miss games because they had been in contact with someone who had tested positive, sometimes forcing the league to call up G League officials to fill the gap.

The agreement was notable at a time when labor unions across various industries have been split on whether to agree to vaccine mandates for their members. Some unions, like the American Nurses Association, have supported mandates out of concern for members’ health, while others, most prominently police unions, have pushed back against mandates, saying they infringe on members’ rights to make their own health decisions. Click here to read more.

Whistleblowers wanted: Guelph Board of Approved
Basketball Officials Looking for New Refs

From the Guelph Board of Approved Basketball Officials:

The game of basketball at all levels continues to boom across Ontario as well as all of Canada. As a result, the need for referees is also expanding rapidly in Guelph and Wellington County.

The Guelph Board of Approved Basketball Officials (GBABO), which covers all of Wellington and Dufferin counties, is searching for 'new' basketball officials for the upcoming 2021/22 season that commences in September.

Experience is not required as a training program is in place. This On-court Training Program is tutored by experienced officials in conjunction with regularly scheduled meetings for all referees. Practical training is the focus.

Learning opportunities, equipment, rule books, expectations and other important areas are all fully covered in the sessions.

The GBABO annually covers over 2,000 games, many of which are in North and Central Wellington and Dufferin as well as Guelph, so there are lots of opportunities to be involved. Several referees have retired from the GBABO due to age or employment transfers. We cover games from university through high school/rep to house league and everything in between.

Players, coaches, fans, former referees, interested spectators, university/college students, etc. are all welcome. The only requirement is candidates must be at least 14 years of age and be enthusiastic about learning the referee side of the game of basketball.

There are many good, solid reasons to give this a whirl: develop lifelong friendships, enjoyable social aspects, earn money, stay close to the game you love, opportunities for advancement, remaining active, learn to manage people, satisfying challenges, a sense of accomplishment and participating in your community.

Look in the Mirror to See why Referees are
Abandoning Youth Sports (Your Letters)

Updated September 8, 2021 - Published September 8, 2021

To the Editor:

So, a few football games needed to be rescheduled due to a shortage of officials (“Referee shortage forces some Section III football games to be bumped from Fridays,” Aug. 31, 2021). Flash forward just a few years and those games will have to be canceled altogether as the already critical shortage of officials only gets worse, way worse.

A member of the Cicero-North Syracuse football team staff doesn’t know why there is a shortage of officials. One only needs to recall their last game versus Liverpool to see the reason why. Could there be other reasons? Sure. It is very expensive and time-consuming to become an official, but I believe the overwhelming reason why so few enter the officiating avocation and then leave so soon afterward is the abuse they take. If you are the coach who has verbally berated an official because the call didn’t go your way, you are the reason why. If you are the fan that has threatened physical violence on an official because that “missed” holding call is the reason your team trails by 40 points, you are the reason why. If you are, in any capacity, involved in youth sports, recreational sports or scholastic sports, you need to look and look hard in the mirror. Are you the mature, adult role model our youth so desperately need or are you “the reason why”?

RefQuest is an online platform for high school.  It was developed for basketball officials, by basketball officials. The creation of RefQuest provides a resource for referees to collaborate. This technology has been advanced by the RefQuest visionaries and utilizes world-class programmers who have made the platform user friendly, intuitive and provide unmatched value. 
IAABO and RefQuest have teamed up to provide another great resource to the members of both organizations. IAABO's core mission is "to educate, train, develop, and provide continuous instruction for basketball officials." RefQuest provides new and exciting technology to help reach that goal. 

If you would like to participate, please send an email message to deppley@iaabo.org and include your name, email address and board number. 

Sportorials Writers Wanted
Dust off your writing skills; IAABO is looking for members to submit articles for publication in SPORTORIALS.  We are specifically looking for rules-based articles and human interest stories involving our members.  If you have the time, we have a dime for your efforts.  Actually, we have several dimes.  In other words, we don’t expect anyone to write for FREE.  Authors who have articles that are printed will be compensated.
Please send your submissions to deppley@iaabo.org

The Officials’ vs. Cancer campaign is flexible this year due to the COVID-19.  Boards are encouraged to select a week and have it approved by your state association.  Pink whistles and lanyards are available.  Anyone who makes an online donation in the amount of $25.00 or more will receive a pink whistle and pink whistle pouch. To make a donation, click here.

Calling All Good IAABO Citizens
So many of us impact our communities and our world for the better.  IAABO would like to highlight many of the good deeds our officials have done throughout the year. We want to emphasize our belief in being good corporate and community citizens in the areas where we live and work.  So, whether it be a random act of kindness or an organized volunteer effort, no good deed is too big or too small!  Trust us, we’ll be humble so that our officials can be proud.  Send your email to IAABO @ info@iaabo.org  and tell us about a good deed you did this year.
Some examples include:
  • Rescued a puppy
  • Bought lunch for a stranger
  • Organized a fundraiser
  • Volunteered at a homeless shelter
  • Donated blood
  • Shoveled a neighbor’s driveway
  • Helped a friend in need

IAABO University
"An online basketball officiating certification class"

If your board is participating and has prospective officials that would like to enroll in the course, please have them contact the IAABO Office @ info@iaabo.org
Apply to be a High School Official!
Make a difference in your community and become a high school official. #BecomeAnOfficial. Click here to read more.

The NFHS is currently offering free officiating courses on their website @ NFHSLearn.com. 

Officially Human; Behind the Stripes LLC (OH) was founded by Brenda Hilton as a grassroots effort to "humanize" sport officials in all sports at all levels. Brenda has spent close to 20 years working with sport officials and coordinators at the DI level and grown to appreciate them for all they do for our youth and young adults. OH is currently working with 12 high school associations (with more on the horizon) across the country to survey officials at that level, gathering information to take back constituents and participating states in hopes of building a nationwide campaign. To date, 16,000+ officials have shared thoughts and ideas on how to address the issue. 
OH currently has sportsmanship banners available for purchase to be displayed at venues; they can be customized with the venue logo. 
If you have any issues, please send an email to info@refquest.com and a member of the RefQuest team will contact you shortly.  
Steve Zazuri, owner of Blow Your Whistles located in Monroe, Connecticut, has been selected to be the Preferred Smitty/IAABO Dealer for all New England IAABO Boards.  Steve is currently an active IAABO Board No. 9, Fairfield, CT member.  Both Smitty and IAABO are very excited for Steve to service the New England IAABO membership.  Steve will continue to provide his same outstanding service the IAABO Boards in New York.  He can be reached at (203) 261-3128 or szazuri@blowyourwhistles.com.
Visit – www.blowyourwhistles.com to order your Smitty/IAABO products
Smitty Officials’ Apparel – Smitty is the exclusive vendor for IAABO Logoed products.  Click here to view a listing of preferred retailers.
Click here to purchase Ref Life gear and enjoy Free Shipping - Must use code RefLife when checking out.

IAABO Patches

Recently, the IAABO Office has received numerous inquiries about IAABO patches and their availability for purchase.  IAABO Patches are no longer available for purchase.  This was discontinued several years ago.  Please visit Smitty Officials’ Apparel – Smitty is the exclusive vendor for IAABO Logoed products.  Click here to view a listing of preferred retailers.
Incrediware - A Natural
Wearable Anti-Inflammatory
Incrediware’s mission is to design innovative products that help patients recover more effectively and faster while assisting medical professionals to deliver a new standard of care through further development and application of unique materials.  IAABO officials are being offered the same discount as all NBA and NCAA officials.  The promo code is:  NCAAREF (30% discount). www.incrediwear.com
IAABO Watch and Gift Set
IAABO watch and gift sets are now available at a special price of $99.95.  To order your watch and gift set, please contact Donnie Eppley@ 717.713.8129 or email:  eppleyd@comcast.net
Special Deals for IAABO Basketball Officials
Briggs and Riley Luggage
Briggs and Riley Luggage - Officials will receive a 60% discount on any product.  Officials must use the form which can be obtained by clicking here - There is a lifetime guaranteed on the luggage. 
ISlides – Customize your own IAABO ISlides.  Click here to get started.

BRAZYN Foam Roller

The Morph” is a collapsible foam roller that can be packed in your roller bag and taken on the road with you.  No more will you have to ask the training room for a foam roller.
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Answers to Quizzes
1. D-Case Book-1.3.1
2. True-4-23-4a
3. True-9-5-3
4. False- 8-2
5. When both teams are ready to play. 5-11-2
Men's Collegiate
1. Legal-1-16.6
2. True-4-39.1.k
3. When the team that called the timeout is ready to play. 5-14.14.a 
4. True-4-15-2.c.1.h 
5. True-4-15.3.d.1
Women's Collegiate
1. D- Rule-1-4.a.b.c.
2. True- 10-4.a
3. True-9-7.1.c
4. True- 8-3.3
5. The team that requests the time out may shorten that time out when the captain/ head coach notifies the official of the team’s intent. 5-14.a.
1. False - Article 30.1.2, Interpretation 30-7, 30-9.
2. True - Article 33.1.
3. C - Article 31.2.1
4. True - Article 31.2.2
5. False - Article 12.5.5, Interpretation 12-25
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