Welcome to IAABO Play Book+
This video was developed by IAABO to show the Casebook in a visual format and help officials learn the rules by seeing them applied.
You, the viewer, can decide how best to enjoy the video.

For individuals who want to understand the play situation, the clip contains a title page, casebook page, and a "Key Concepts" page that outlines each play situation and the pertinent rules that apply.  Each of these pages will stay on the screen for 3 seconds.  The viewer can "pause" the video on any of these pages to allow the necessary time to read the information.   

If the viewer wishes to go directly to the video clip, simply move your cursor to the 9-second mark of the clip and watch the play.  See if you can determine the correct ruling.  The clip will play a second time.  This time, the clip will provide a “Play Analysis” and outline the correct ruling and key concepts that apply.    

We hope you will enjoy this educational tool, and it enhances your understanding of the rules.
To see more plays like this, log onto the “Members Area” on the IAABO website at https://www.iaabo.org  and you will have access to the entire Video Playbook database.    

Closely Guarded outside PCA
(IAABO Manual pg. 11, Section J, pg. 119, Section D)
If an official begins a closely guarded count on a dribbler, the count should be maintained until the player stops dribbling, regardless of location in the frontcourt.  At times, this requires an official to maintain the closely-guarded count even if the dribbler has left their PCA. 
So if an official is maintaining a closely guarded count on a match-up outside their PCA, which official should be responsible for contact should it occur?   
This season, IAABO has approved an editorial revision that clarifies this exact situation.  If the illegal contact occurs between a dribbler and defender while the official is continuing the count outside his/her PCA, primary responsibility for that illegal contact falls on the official in whose PCA the contact occurs.
This provision applies to both the Crew of 2 and Crew of 3.  The official maintaining the count should position-adjust to be in a position to rule on the closely guarded situation.  When the status of the ball changes (i.e. dribble to hold) or if the defender gets head and shoulders past the defender, the count would cease, and the counting official should turn their attention back to their PCA. 
This editorial revision should not preclude the official from maintaining the count to also rule on contact in situations when they are needed.  If the official accepting the ball is screened or has other match-ups to cover, it may require the counting official to make the ruling. 
This change should help reduce double whistles and outline the teamwork needed for the crew to rule accurately on these types of plays.  

Visual Counts
(Thomas Hanbach, Board 50, NY)
As we prepare for the upcoming basketball season, we need to prepare ourselves to get into great physical shape, master the rules, floor mechanics, procedures, and signals to be effective.  Officials also need to understand what situations warrant a visual count to be displayed.

Visual counts are an intriguing part of the game of basketball.  Why do we have visual counts?  What rules require a visible count?  Are there any counting situations that do not require officials to display a visible count? 

Visual counts communicate essential information to players, coaches, and even your partner(s).  

The rules that require a visual count are as follows:
  • Ten Second Backcourt count: (9-8, 9-9)
  • Closely Guarded count: (4-10, 9-10)  
  • Free Throw-Ten Second count: (4-20, 8-1, 9-1)
  • Throw-In-Five Second count: (4-42, 7-6, 9-2) 
There is one rule that does not require a visual count:
  • Three-second rule (9-7)
Understanding player control and team control (4-12) is important as well as the status of the ball (4-4) to accurately apply these counts.  The ten-second backcourt count starts when a team gains control of the ball in the backcourt and continues until the ball gains frontcourt status. 

The 3-second count can only occur if a team has control of the ball in the frontcourt and does not apply during a throw-in, even though team control starts at disposal.  One of the primary reasons that 3-second rule does not require a visible count, is there are times the count should be “suspended” by rule.  Allowance must be made for a player who, having been in the restricted area for less than three seconds, dribbles in or moves immediately to try for goal.  (9-7-3)

Disposal (4-4-7) is another important concept to understand as the 10-second free throw count and the 5-second throw-in count begins when the ball is placed at the disposal of the thrower in each case.  Those counts continue until the ball is released by the thrower. 

Visible counts may even be used to correct timing mistakes when the clock is not properly started as these counts allow officials to have “definite information” of the time that should have elapsed.  (5-10-1)

Officials should familiarize themselves with the following casebook plays that help us understand these rule situations when visual counts occur.   4.12.2B, 4.15.4E, 4.42.3, 5.10.1B & E, 5.10.2, 6.1.2B, 7.5.1A, 8.1.1, 9.2.9, 9.3.3, 9.5.3, 9.7.2, 9.8A-D, 9.9.1C, 9.10.1A&B, 9.10.3

Officials should master these rules so they may be applied accurately on the court.  Good Luck and Have a Great Season!

William Kennedy Named Regional Advisor for
DI Men's Basketball Officiating
(NCAA/September 1, 2021)

INDIANAPOLIS — The NCAA Division I Men’s Basketball Championships announced that it will have one new regional advisor for the 2021-22 season.

The new advisor for the men will be William Kennedy [West Region], joining veterans Jim Burr [South Region], Ted Hillary [Midwest Region] and Frank Scagliotta [East Region]. Kennedy will operate from his home in Phoenix, Az.

Kennedy worked 16 NCAA Tournaments and five regionals in a career that saw him work games for many of the major conferences, including the Big 12, Big Sky, Big West, Conference USA, Mountain West, Pac 12, Southland, Sun Belt and WAC. Kennedy served as a college basketball official for 25 years spanning from 1987-2012 and is replacing Tommy Nunez Sr. as the western regional advisor.

“I am very excited to be welcome Bill Kennedy to our national officiating evaluation team,” said J.D. Collins, NCAA National Coordinator of Men’s Basketball Officiating. “He brings a wealth of experience, knowledge and passion to the program both as an official and an evaluator. The Men's Basketball Regional Advisors not only observe about 60-70 games in person and 40+ games via electronic media, but they chart every correct call for every official they watch.

“Their efforts behind the scene are an important part of the effort to bring consistency and accountability to men's basketball officiating, and are a vital role in identifying, selecting and advancing officials for the NCAA Men’s Basketball Championship.”

Rules Quizzes
(Answers are located at the bottom of the page)
NFHS Edition
1. The ball is out of bounds when it touches a player out of bounds.  True or False?
2. The ball is out of bounds when it touches the ceiling or overhead equipment.  True or False?
3. The ball is out of bounds when it touches an official who is standing out of bounds.  True or False?
4. The ball is out of bounds when it touches the supports of the backboard.  True or False?
5. The ball is out of bounds when the ball passes over a rectangular backboard.  True or False? 
Men's Collegiate Edition

1. A1 loses control of their dribble and intentionally kicks the ball away from B1. The Lead Official rules a kicking violation. T-F.
2. A1 is dribbling the ball and dribbles high and passes the ball to A3. The ball never came to rest in A1’s hands. The trail official “no calls” the play. T-F
3. A1 is driving diagonally to the basket and “runs over” B1. The center official “no calls” the play. T-F.
4. A1 is driving to the basket, screener A3 pushes B3. The Lead Official rules a team control foul on A3. T-F.
5. B1 is defending A1 in the lane who has the ball. B1 pushes A1 and at the same time A1 illegally elbows B1 . The contact by  A1 is unnecessary and is above the shoulders. Team A is in the bonus. The following are True Statements:

A. A1 will shoot the bonus with no players lined up.
B. B1 will shoot “2” free throws for the Flagrant 1 personal foul , with no players lined up.
C. Team B will receive the ball at the point of interruption where the fouls occurred.
D. All of the Above.

Women's Collegiate Edition
1. A1 is dribbling the ball and throws a pass to A3. B1 deflects the pass, team control has ended for Team A. T-F
2. A team is in team control when a player is holding, dribbling or passing the ball.
3. When a player fumbles the ball and moves their pivot foot while recovering the ball, they can only pass or shoot the ball.
4. A field goal accidentally scored in an opponent’s basket shall be added to the opponent’s score, credited to the opposing player nearest the player whose actions caused the ball to enter the basket. T-F
5. If there is a discrepancy in the score and it cannot be resolved, the individual score shall be the official score. T-F
International Edition

1. A closely guarded violation can only occur in the front court. T-F
2. A closely guarded violation can occur when a player is holding the ball, or dribbling the ball for “5” seconds in their front court. T-F
3. A defender is in legal guarding position of their opponent when they are within 2 meters for a closely guarded violation to occur.  T-F
4. A team cannot be in continuous control of the ball in their back court for 10 seconds. T-F
5. A1 is dribbling the ball in their back court when B3 knocks the ball out of bounds. Team A will not get a new “8” second count. T-F

Latest Cycle of Game Officials Licensing
Meets Targets with  a 31% Rise in Female Officials
MIES (Switzerland) - FIBA enjoyed a successful Game Officials Licensing (GOL) cycle, launched in October last year for the period of 2021 to 2023, with an increase in National Federations that registered candidates and a rise in the number of female officials.
The third cycle of GOL since 2017 saw an extended administrative and testing timeline, from October 2020 to May 2021, which proved useful due to the circumstances brought about by the coronavirus pandemic.
It allowed for more time for National Federations to select candidates and the submission of documents, and it extended timelines for both fitness and written tests.
One key for the success of the GOL in this cycle was the active cooperation by those involved from FIBA Referees Operations in Switzerland, to both the Regional Offices and National Federation members.
Being connected virtually played a crucial role. For example, there were online workshops with Regional Offices before the launch of the candidates' registration, and follow-up workshops with the Regional Offices and the National Federations in Africa, the Americas and Asia, respectively, during the registration. 
Plenty was achieved throughout the latest cycle, with the main achievement being a jump in National Federations registering candidates. This GOL term had 171, an increase of nine on the previous cycle of 2019-21.
An impressive 83% of candidates were registered by the deadline in December 2020, and the total number of registered candidates ended up being 1,315. Click here to read more.

RefQuest is an online platform for high school.  It was developed for basketball officials, by basketball officials. The creation of RefQuest provides a resource for referees to collaborate. This technology has been advanced by the RefQuest visionaries and utilizes world-class programmers who have made the platform user friendly, intuitive and provide unmatched value. 
IAABO and RefQuest have teamed up to provide another great resource to the members of both organizations. IAABO's core mission is "to educate, train, develop, and provide continuous instruction for basketball officials." RefQuest provides new and exciting technology to help reach that goal. 

If you would like to participate, please send an email message to deppley@iaabo.org and include your name, email address and board number. 

Sportorials Writers Wanted
Dust off your writing skills; IAABO is looking for members to submit articles for publication in SPORTORIALS.  We are specifically looking for rules-based articles and human interest stories involving our members.  If you have the time, we have a dime for your efforts.  Actually, we have several dimes.  In other words, we don’t expect anyone to write for FREE.  Authors who have articles that are printed will be compensated.
Please send your submissions to deppley@iaabo.org

The Officials’ vs. Cancer campaign is flexible this year due to the COVID-19.  Boards are encouraged to select a week and have it approved by your state association.  Pink whistles and lanyards are available.  Anyone who makes an online donation in the amount of $25.00 or more will receive a pink whistle and pink whistle pouch. To make a donation, click here.

Calling All Good IAABO Citizens
So many of us impact our communities and our world for the better.  IAABO would like to highlight many of the good deeds our officials have done throughout the year. We want to emphasize our belief in being good corporate and community citizens in the areas where we live and work.  So, whether it be a random act of kindness or an organized volunteer effort, no good deed is too big or too small!  Trust us, we’ll be humble so that our officials can be proud.  Send your email to IAABO @ info@iaabo.org  and tell us about a good deed you did this year.
Some examples include:
  • Rescued a puppy
  • Bought lunch for a stranger
  • Organized a fundraiser
  • Volunteered at a homeless shelter
  • Donated blood
  • Shoveled a neighbor’s driveway
  • Helped a friend in need

IAABO University
"An online basketball officiating certification class"

If your board is participating and has prospective officials that would like to enroll in the course, please have them contact the IAABO Office @ info@iaabo.org
Apply to be a High School Official!
Make a difference in your community and become a high school official. #BecomeAnOfficial. Click here to read more.

The NFHS is currently offering free officiating courses on their website @ NFHSLearn.com. 

Officially Human; Behind the Stripes LLC (OH) was founded by Brenda Hilton as a grassroots effort to "humanize" sport officials in all sports at all levels. Brenda has spent close to 20 years working with sport officials and coordinators at the DI level and grown to appreciate them for all they do for our youth and young adults. OH is currently working with 12 high school associations (with more on the horizon) across the country to survey officials at that level, gathering information to take back constituents and participating states in hopes of building a nationwide campaign. To date, 16,000+ officials have shared thoughts and ideas on how to address the issue. 
OH currently has sportsmanship banners available for purchase to be displayed at venues; they can be customized with the venue logo. 
If you have any issues, please send an email to info@refquest.com and a member of the RefQuest team will contact you shortly.  
Steve Zazuri, owner of Blow Your Whistles located in Monroe, Connecticut, has been selected to be the Preferred Smitty/IAABO Dealer for all New England IAABO Boards.  Steve is currently an active IAABO Board No. 9, Fairfield, CT member.  Both Smitty and IAABO are very excited for Steve to service the New England IAABO membership.  Steve will continue to provide his same outstanding service the IAABO Boards in New York.  He can be reached at (203) 261-3128 or szazuri@blowyourwhistles.com.
Visit – www.blowyourwhistles.com to order your Smitty/IAABO products
Smitty Officials’ Apparel – Smitty is the exclusive vendor for IAABO Logoed products.  Click here to view a listing of preferred retailers.
Click here to purchase Ref Life gear and enjoy Free Shipping - Must use code RefLife when checking out.

IAABO Patches

Recently, the IAABO Office has received numerous inquiries about IAABO patches and their availability for purchase.  IAABO Patches are no longer available for purchase.  This was discontinued several years ago.  Please visit Smitty Officials’ Apparel – Smitty is the exclusive vendor for IAABO Logoed products.  Click here to view a listing of preferred retailers.
Incrediware - A Natural
Wearable Anti-Inflammatory
Incrediware’s mission is to design innovative products that help patients recover more effectively and faster while assisting medical professionals to deliver a new standard of care through further development and application of unique materials.  IAABO officials are being offered the same discount as all NBA and NCAA officials.  The promo code is:  NCAAREF (30% discount). www.incrediwear.com
IAABO Watch and Gift Set
IAABO watch and gift sets are now available at a special price of $99.95.  To order your watch and gift set, please contact Donnie Eppley@ 717.713.8129 or email:  eppleyd@comcast.net
Special Deals for IAABO Basketball Officials
Briggs and Riley Luggage
Briggs and Riley Luggage - Officials will receive a 60% discount on any product.  Officials must use the form which can be obtained by clicking here - There is a lifetime guaranteed on the luggage. 
ISlides – Customize your own IAABO ISlides.  Click here to get started.

BRAZYN Foam Roller

The Morph” is a collapsible foam roller that can be packed in your roller bag and taken on the road with you.  No more will you have to ask the training room for a foam roller.
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Use the code BRZNBB15 at check out and get 15% off.
Answers to Quizzes
1. True-7-1-2a.1
2. True-7-1-2a.4
3. True-7-1-2a-2
4. True-7-1-2a.3
5. True-7-1-2b
Men's Collegiate
1. True-9-6-1 and 2.
2. True- 4-13-4-a.
3. False- 10-1-1, 4-15-2-a-1
4. True- 10-1-1, 4-15-2-a-2.
5. D- A.R. 265, 10-1-Penalty f, 7-3-2, 4-15-2-b.
Women's Collegiate
1. False-4-8-3.
2. True- 4-8-3.
3. False- 4-15-2.
4. False-5-1-4.
5. False-2-9-13.
1. False - Article-27.1
2. False - Article-27.1
3. False - Article-27.1
4. True - Article-28.1.1
5. True - Article-28.1.3, Interpretations 28-10
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