Play of the Week
Click here to view IAABO's Plays of the Week. After viewing the video please answer a survey to ensure an accurate ruling. The survey link can be found under the video.
Rules Quizzes
(answers are located at the bottom of the page)
NFHS Edition

1. Identify the 3 types of backboards:
A. 6 X 4.
B. 6 X 3 1/2.
C. Fan shaped.
D. All of the Above.

2. What type of backboard is recommended for a replacement back board?

3. Tinted glass backboards are prohibited. True or False?

4. A backboard may only be transparent. True or False?

5. The backboard shall be “4” feet from the end line. True or False?

6. The upper edge of the back board shall be 13 feet above the floor for a rectangular back board. True or False?

7. A1 ends their dribble in their backcourt. A1 throws a long pass that hits their backboard and rebounds back to them in their backcourt. The Trail official rules a backcourt violation. True or False?

8. During a jump ball to start the game, A2 fouls B2 before the tossing official releases the ball. The U1 rules an intentional technical foul on A2. True or False?

9. The Lead official bounces the ball to A1. Prior to A1 catching the ball B2 fouls A2. The Lead official rules a personal foul against B2. True or False?

10. A1 is shooting first free throw of a one and one.  B3 and A3 simultaneously violate along the lane. The game will continue with the AP Arrow. True or False?
Men's Collegiate Edition
1. In the first half during a team A throw-in, B1 is guarding the thrower-in, reaches through the boundary line before the ball is released, and the official properly blows the whistle and issues a delay warning. In the second half, after a successful goal by team B, B2 interferes with the ball by knocking it away from A3, who was attempting to grab the ball to make the throw-in. Handle the Situation?

2. Following team A’s successful goal, team B inbounds the ball with 2:30 on the game clock. Team A is in a full-court press, team B still has the ball in its backcourt, and B1 calls a timeout when the official’s 10-second backcourt count is at nine seconds. Following the timeout, B1 completes the throw-in to B2, who is in team B’s backcourt. B2 holds ball for one second such that the official’s count is at one second. The official calls a 10-second backcourt violation. Is this correct?

3. A1 is injured during the game, and the official blows the whistle to stop play. Team A’s head coach chooses to replace A1 with substitute A6 and does so within the time limit. No other substitutes are at the table when A6 reports and enters the game. Team B’s coach recognizes A6 is entering the game and sends B7 to the table to enter the game prior to the ball becoming live. Shall B7 be allowed to enter the game during this dead-ball period?

4. A1 attempts a try. The ball comes to rest on the ring. B1 grabs the ring and does not prevent themselves from injury. The following are True Statements:
a. The basket counts.
b. B1 should be charged with a  Class B technical foul.
c. Team A will receive “1” shot and the game will continue from the point of interruption.
d. All of the Above.

5. A flagrant 1 foul can only be a personal foul. T-F.
Women's Collegiate Edition
1. The boundary lines of the playing court shall consist of end lines and side lines. T-F

2. All lines must be clearly discernible and distinguishable. T-F

3. A1 is performing a throw-in on their end line. A1 steps on the end line and throws the ball inbounds. The trail official rules a throw-in violation. T-F

4. All shadow lines must be clearly discernible and distinguishable. T-F

5. The division line is in the front court. T-F

International Edition
1. A1 attempts a  “15” foot jump shot. A1 releases the try and the shot clock horn sounds. B1 is charged with an unsportsmanlike foul on  A1 before they return to the floor. The try misses the whole ring. The following are True Statements:
A. The shot clock violation shall be disregarded.
B. Penalize the foul on B1.

2. On a jump ball ball, jumper A1 taps the ball and jumper B1 catches the jump ball. The U1 rules a jump ball violation on B1. T-F

3. With 17 seconds on the shot clock, A1 attempts a”15” foot jump shot. B3 fouls A3 off the ball. The try is successful. This is Team B’s second foul in the quarter. The basket shall count and Team A will receive the ball at the spot of the infraction. T-F

4. In question 3, the shot clock will reset to 14 seconds. T-F

5. Arm and leg compression sleeves may be worn. All players on the team must have all their arm and leg compression sleeves of the same solid color. T-F

Rebound Coverage
When it comes to properly covering the court in a Crew of 2, both officials need to be quick to identify current and potential competitive match-ups and make effective position adjustments.
For the Lead official who properly understands how to effectively work in a Crew of 2, this will often require a position adjustment to the “ball side.”  This will enable the Lead to get an “open view” on competitive match-ups in the low post area across the lane. 
But when the Lead decides to go to the ball side, both officials are now positioned on the same side of basket line.  How does this impact rebound coverage if a try should occur?
If a try occurs, the Lead official should maintain focus and rule on rebound contact on the strong side of basket line.  However, The Trail official will have to quickly recognize the situation and adjust their coverage. The Trail usually is responsible for contact on their side of basket line.  In this case, the Trail will need to position-adjust to have the ability to focus on rebound contact on the weak side of the lane across basket line. 
This situation does not occur frequently, but when it does, it is imperative that both officials know their coverage responsibility and adjust accordingly.  This situation should be included in an effective pre-game conference to ensure officials have the both sides of basket line observed during rebounding activity.
For Referee Officiating His First NBA Finals,
The Assignment is a Heart-Racing Moment
Jeff Zillgitt, USA Today
LAKE BUENA VISTA, Fla. – Josh Tiven obsessively checked email on his phone Monday morning. He wanted to see whether he would be an NBA Finals referee for the first time in his 10 seasons with the league.
Tiven has officiated dozens of playoff games but never a Finals game.
He was anxiously waiting for that email while doing laundry at Disney’s Coronado Springs Resort, and in the seconds between moving clothes from the washing machine to the dryer, he received a congratulatory text. Tiven was scooped on his own news.
Click here to continue.
High School Basketball Coaches, Players and Officials:
Get Ready for the Opening Coin Toss
By Mike McGarry
Heads or tails?
That’s a question New Jersey high school basketball coaches and players will have to consider this winter.
To help protect basketball referees against the new coronavirus, all jump balls will probably be eliminated this upcoming season.
Instead, the visiting team will call a coin toss before the game. The winner of the toss will get the ball to start the game. The alternating possession arrow will determine possession on jump balls for the rest of the game, including the start of overtime.
Click here to continue
He has Refereed High School Football since 1963:
At Age 84, He's not Sure it's Safe to Return
by Kyle Melnick, The Washington Post
In the early 1960s, Paul Friedman would take the short walk from his Silver Spring home to the old Bullis School’s field every Friday night. Instead of focusing on the players, like most fans, Friedman studied the referees — their mechanics when calling penalties, how they controlled the flow of the game.
Friedman was hooked on the idea of becoming a ref. So as a 27-year-old in 1963, he did just that. Now, Friedman, 84, is one of the area’s oldest officials.
Paul is a former member of IAABO Board 12, DC.
Click here to view a video related to the return of Fall sports in Maine
High School Refs Looking for Guidance as They make
Decisions on Working Games during Pandemic

by Sean Greene
As high school athletes and coaches adjust to new schedules and wait for final decisions on the fate of their seasons, referees are doing the same. Click here to continue.
IAABO Board 51 Begins Training for
Tentative High School Sports Season

by Chelsea Sherrod
By Chelsea Sherrod – September 24, 2020
Utica, NY - "We will be prepared for the season."
On Monday September 21, the International Association of Approved Basketball Officials Board #51 begin training for the upcoming high school basketball season. 
According to Lee Pavlot, Utica Board rules interpreter and trainer, currently referees are to wear masks during pregame and when in close contact with others. But training has not really changed. 
Click here to continue.
Aroostook County Search for New Basketball Officials
by Rene Cloukey
PRESQUE ISLE, Maine (WAGM) -We are through the first few weeks of the fall sports season and now a group is beginning to look at a winter sport, basketball.
This time of year the International Association of Basketball Officials begin classes for prospective basketball officials. The Classes will still be held this year, but in a different format.
Orser:" Our classes will be all zoom and on line. We are pretty versatile we aren’t locked into one time or day. I am trying to get the message out if anyone is interested they call my cell 227 4811 or our e mail address is
Click here to continue.

IAABO Golf Tournament to Support St. Jude's
by NC 34 Staff
BINGHAMTON, NY – An annual golf tournament to support a local high school basketball officials group is taking on a deeper meaning this year.
This year’s IAABO 49 Golf Tournament is in memory of former member official, Chris Haynes.
Haynes battled leukemia for several months before passing away in April of this year.
While going through his chemotherapy treatments, Haynes would encounter children battling cancer as well.
With this in mind, Haynes, who helped organize the golf tournament each year along with Brian
Jester, decided that the proceeds from the tournament should be donated to St. Jude Children’s Hospital.
Click here to continue.
Calling All Good IAABO Citizens
So many of us impact our communities and our world for the better.  IAABO would like to highlight many of the good deeds our officials have done throughout the year. We want to emphasize our belief in being good corporate and community citizens in the areas where we live and work.  So, whether it be a random act of kindness or an organized volunteer effort, no good deed is too big or too small!  Trust us, we’ll be humble so that our officials can be proud.  Send your email to IAABO @  and tell us about a good deed you did this year.
Some examples include:
  • Rescued a puppy
  • Bought lunch for a stranger
  • Organized a fundraiser
  • Volunteered at a homeless shelter
  • Donated blood
  • Shoveled a neighbor’s driveway
  • Helped a friend in need

IAABO University
"An online basketball officiating certification class"

If your board is participating and has prospective officials that would like to enroll in the course, please have them contact the IAABO Office @
Apply to be a High School Official!
Make a difference in your community and become a high school official. #BecomeAnOfficial. Click here to read more.

The NFHS is currently offering free officiating courses on their website @ 

To make a donation, please contact your local board chairperson or send your donation to Officials vs. Cancer, P.O. Box 355, Carlisle, PA  17013. Click here to make an online donation.

Officially Human; Behind the Stripes LLC (OH) was founded by Brenda Hilton as a grassroots effort to "humanize" sport officials in all sports at all levels. Brenda has spent close to 20 years working with sport officials and coordinators at the DI level and grown to appreciate them for all they do for our youth and young adults. OH is currently working with 12 high school associations (with more on the horizon) across the country to survey officials at that level, gathering information to take back constituents and participating states in hopes of building a nationwide campaign. To date, 16,000+ officials have shared thoughts and ideas on how to address the issue. 
OH currently has sportsmanship banners available for purchase to be displayed at venues; they can be customized with the venue logo. 
If you have any issues, please send an email to and a member of the RefQuest team will contact you shortly.  
Steve Zazuri, owner of Blow Your Whistles located in Monroe, Connecticut, has been selected to be the Preferred Smitty/IAABO Dealer for all New England IAABO Boards.  Steve is currently an active IAABO Board No. 9, Fairfield, CT member.  Both Smitty and IAABO are very excited for Steve to service the New England IAABO membership.  Steve will continue to provide his same outstanding service the IAABO Boards in New York.  He can be reached at (203) 261-3128 or
Visit – to order your Smitty/IAABO products
Smitty Officials’ Apparel – Smitty is the exclusive vendor for IAABO Logoed products.  Click here to view a listing of preferred retailers.
Click here to purchase Ref Life gear and enjoy Free Shipping - Must use code RefLife when checking out.

IAABO Patches

Recently, the IAABO Office has received numerous inquiries about IAABO patches and their availability for purchase.  IAABO Patches are no longer available for purchase.  This was discontinued several years ago.  Please visit Smitty Officials’ Apparel – Smitty is the exclusive vendor for IAABO Logoed products.  Click here to view a listing of preferred retailers.
Incrediware - A Natural
Wearable Anti-Inflammatory
Incrediware’s mission is to design innovative products that help patients recover more effectively and faster while assisting medical professionals to deliver a new standard of care through further development and application of unique materials.  IAABO officials are being offered the same discount as all NBA and NCAA officials.  The promo code is:  NCAAREF (30% discount).
IAABO Watch and Gift Set
IAABO watch and gift sets are now available at a special price of $99.95.  To order your watch and gift set, please contact Donnie Eppley@ 717.713.8129 or email:
Special Deals for IAABO Basketball Officials
Briggs and Riley Luggage
Briggs and Riley Luggage - Officials will receive a 60% discount on any product.  Officials must use the form which can be obtained by clicking here - There is a lifetime guaranteed on the luggage. 
ISlides – Customize your own IAABO ISlides.  Click here to get started.

BRAZYN Foam Roller

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Sustainably made – eco-friendly materials
Use the code BRZNBB15 at check out and get 15% off.
Answers to Quizzes
1. D- 1-7-1.
2. 6X3 1/2.
3. True- 1-7-2.
4. False- 1-7-4.
5. True- 1-8-1.
6. True- 1-8-2.
7. True- 9-9-2.
8. True- 4-19-3-c & 4-19-5-c
9. False- 4-19-1.
10. True- 6-4-3-c
Men's Collegiate1. B2 is charged with a Class B technical foul. Team A will receive 1 shot and the game will resume from the Point of Interruption, which in this, Team A is entitled to run the endline. Rule-10-4-l, 10-4-p, 4-10-c, 10-4-Resumption of Play.
2. No- 9-10.
3. Yes- Rule-3-6-e.
4. a- 9-15-2a, A.R. 247.
5. True- 4-15-2-1. 
Women's Collegiate
1. True- 4-6.
2. True- 1-3.
3. False- 9-4-1f
4. True- 1-4.
5. False- 9-12-2 

International1. B- Interpretation-42-2.
2. True- Interpretation -12-3.
3. True- Interpretation -29/50-28.
4. True- Interpretation- 29/50-28.
5. True- 4.4.2. 
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