IAABO Play Book+
7.6.2 Throw-In Beginning & Ending
(This clip does not contain audio)
This video was developed by IAABO to show common plays in a visual format and help officials learn the rules by seeing them applied. 
You, the viewer, can decide how to utilize the video to gain a better understanding of the rules(s) and concepts.

For individuals who want to understand the play situation, the clip contains a title page, casebook page, and a "Key Concepts" page that outlines each play situation and the pertinent rules that apply.
Each of these pages will stay on the screen for 3 seconds.  The viewer can "pause" the video on any of these pages to allow the necessary time to read the information.   

If the viewer wishes to go directly to the video clip, simply move your cursor to the 9-second mark of the clip and watch the play.  Can you determine the correct ruling?
The clip will play a second time.  This time, the clip will provide a “Play Analysis” and outline the correct ruling and key concepts that apply.      

We hope you will enjoy this educational tool, and it enhances your understanding of the rules.
To see more plays like this, log onto the “Members Area” on the IAABO website at https://www.iaabo.org  and you will have access to the entire Video Playbook database. 

Ball Across Basketline in the Trail PCA (Co2)
(IAABO Manual pg. 40, Diagram)
When the ball is across the basketline in the Trail’s PCA, the Trail must focus on the ball and players in his/her PCA (the Trail works the arc). The Lead’s PCA expands to include the area beyond the free throw lane and below the free throw line extended, to the 3-point arc. The Lead’s focus should be on players in his/her PCA and on expanding his/her field of vision to improve coverage.

Mark Your Calendars
IAABO Fall Seminar 2022 - Portland, ME
September 14-18, 2022
Click here to register

 Hair Adornment Use Clarified; Shot Clock Guidelines
Adjusted in Basketball Rules
By NFHS on May 3, 2022
The allowance of hair adornments made of hard material has been clarified in high school basketball. Adornments made of hard material are permitted provided they are securely fastened close to the head and do not present an increased risk to the player, teammates or opponents.
This change to Rule 3-5-4d was approved by the National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) Basketball Rules Committee at its annual meeting April 11-13 in Indianapolis. The recommendation was subsequently approved by the NFHS Board of Directors.
The committee adjusted the rule to be inclusive of hair styles while maintaining that the risk of injury to the athlete and others not be compromised.
“It was extremely important to the rules committee to create rules language that supported diversity of hair trends while minimizing the risk of injury to the athlete, teammates and opponents,” said Lindsey Atkinson, director of sports and liaison to the Basketball Rules Committee. “Creating educational tools through case plays and the annual NFHS Basketball Rules PowerPoint will be the focus of the committee.”  Click here to read more.

Men’s Basketball Rules Committee Plans to
Clarify Definition of Flopping

Proposal would allow officials to call technical fouls without a
 warning for players who fake being fouled
Media Center 5/5/2022 4:29:00 PM Greg Johnson
The NCAA Men's Basketball Rules Committee plans to better define rules regarding flopping in the coming weeks with the intent of recommending officials assess without warning a Class B technical foul to players who fake being fouled, beginning in the 2022-23 season. 
All rule proposals must be approved by the NCAA Playing Rules Oversight Panel, which is scheduled to discuss proposed men's basketball rules changes June 9.
If a player is called for flopping, the opposing team would shoot one free throw.
Currently, the definition of flopping in the NCAA Men's Basketball Rules Book is:  
Faking being fouled (flopping) on block/charge plays, on attempted tries on field goal attempts or using any other tactics such as a "head bob," which might incorrectly lead an official to believe that a foul has been committed. Click here to read more.

Women’s Basketball to Experiment with Technology Rule
Media Center 5/5/2022 4:29:00 PM Greg Johnson
The Women's Basketball Rules Committee approved an experimental technology rule to allow teams to view live video on their bench during conference games for the upcoming season should the conference submit a waiver request.
Conferences that choose to use this experimental rule must decide what technology can be used within its parameters. This is the second year conferences will be allowed to experiment with live video on the bench.
In other news, the rules committee selected Weber State coach Velaida Harris as chair for the 2022-23 academic year.

Referees Blow the Whistle on Low Pay,
sometimes Abusive Conditions
By Joey Vacca/Conkite News – April 20, 2022
LOS ANGELES – Officiating high school sports is a notoriously thankless job. Managing tempers on the field while ignoring taunts in the stands is a job that few people accept, but one that’s crucial to prep sports.
“We still need our schools to treat officials better when they get there, we still need our parents and fans to lighten up on our officials,” said Rob Wigod, commissioner of the southern section of the California Interscholastic Federation, or CIF, which governs high school sports. Click here to read more.
Bad Behavior Drove a Referee Shortage. Covid Made It Worse.
By Eduardo Medina | The New York Times | April 21, 2022
For years, unruly parents have turned youth sporting events into a toxic environment. The cancellation of games and entire seasons over the last two years hastened an exodus of referees.
The 13-year-old soccer players in Cincinnati had been pulling at their opponents’ jerseys all game. Rhiana Garcia raised her flag again and again, signaling fouls. But a coach took issue with her officiating that October night in 2020.
The insults he directed at Rhiana, who was 14 at the time, intensified throughout the match; she said that he had accused her of being colorblind and had shouted expletives and a racial slur at her. Before the final whistle blew, the coach had been kicked off the field. And Rhiana, holding back tears, texted her boss, “I don’t know if I can do this anymore.”
Such unruly behavior is the driving force, referees say, behind a nationwide shortage of youth sports officials. Click here to read more.
Baldwinsville HS speaks up for Referees, Officials, and
Umpires who are verbally assaulted
By Jonathan Singh |April 21, 2022
BALDWINSVILLE, N.Y. — High school, middle school and youth sporting officials have been victims of verbal abuse for as long as prep sports have been around. The abusers are the spectators, specifically parents and family members who watch the athletes compete.

On April 19, Baldwinsville High School Athletics Director, Chris Campolieta expressed his concerns with how Central New York referees, officials, and umpires are treated. Click here to read more.
‘Threat of Violence’ from deranged Parents made me quit:
Youth Sports Ref
By Kirsten Fleming |The New York Post | April 21, 2022
In 2014, Tampa, Fla., resident Darryl Stidham was managing a Little League team when he was told he’d also have to umpire two games because of an officials shortage.
“I fell in love with it,” he told The Post. “I enjoyed the camaraderie with the other guys. When I played baseball, I was mostly a catcher. Being behind the plate is one of my favorite things on earth. It’s pure and simple.”
As the 36-year-old insurance agency owner saw his business take off, he had less time to coach. Officiating “allowed me to stay close to the game and that joyful atmosphere,” he said. Click here to read more.
High School Sports facing a Shortage of Officials
Author:  Courtney Harrison | April 21, 2022
LACKAWANNA COUNTY, Pa. — As high school sports resumed after the pandemic, many of the officials and referees did not.
Jim Elliott, the District 2 officials' representative, says it's been hard to retain officials and recruit new ones to cover all the games on the schedule.
"We had guys that would pass the test on a Monday, and they would be on the field Friday.
Basketball, we had varsity officials for the first time doing JV games to cover the JV games. And baseball, we're going through this now where there's not enough officials period in order to cover all the games," Elliott said. Click here to read more.
Referee Attacked at Youth Basketball Game says
he Heard Coach tell Players 'We're going to Get Him'
Author:  Thais Ackerman | April 21, 2022

Sidney Freeman was refereeing a youth basketball game at a DeKalb church when he was attacked. Now, he's speaking out.
ATLANTA — In over 15 years of refereeing sports games, Sidney Freeman said he'd never experienced anything like the morning of April 3.

That Sunday, after a youth basketball game at a DeKalb County church, Freeman was attacked. He was pulled to the ground, punched and kicked repeatedly by at least four people, who appear to be both players and spectators.  Click here to read more.
Guilty Plea from Man Ejected after Physical Outburst at Prep
Boys' Basketball Game in NW Minnesota
He came down from the stands, grabbed the referee's whistle and ripped it off its lanyard. He also tore the referee's shirt. 
By Paul Walsh Star Tribune | APRIL 30, 2022 — 12:09AM
A basketball fan who became profanely irate over the officiating and was ejected from a boys high school game in northwestern Minnesota has pleaded guilty to disorderly conduct.
Phillip S. Lokken, 46, of Detroit Lakes, admitted to the misdemeanor Tuesday in Becker County District Court in connection with the Jan. 13 incident during a game between host Lake Park Audubon High School and visiting Win-E-Mac High School.
Judge Barbara Hanson dismissed a misdemeanor assault count as part of her sentence. She also set aside a 90-day jail term and put Lokken on unsupervised probation for one year. He also was ordered to pay $450 in fines and fees. Click here to read more.
IAABO Good Citizens – IAABO Board #204 – Potomac, Maryland
We as an organization often do "good deeds" and it's not our nature to "brag" about it, but here are a few stories of what we have done for our neighbors and community. As a group Potomac Valley Basketball Officials this season, donated $250 to a local family who lost their home in a fire. Their son played on an area High School team. A couple of years ago, a local Christian High school was caught in a huge flood and we donated $1,000 to help them recover. 
Our Vice President Jim Taylor said "I have the privilege of being able to minister once a month at a local nursing home. What a privilege to be able to share the Word of God and my time with the residents and the staff, to be able to share a heartwarming and potential life changing smile and an I love you with them is amazing!" 
I, Jack Nelson, cut my neighbor Connie's grass all spring and summer long because she has allergies and can't do it. I own a cleaning business and sometimes clean windows at no charge to those who can't afford my services. Sometimes they give me a gift of sweet treats or once an incredible meal prepared by a sweet woman born and raised in Italy. And sometimes, nothing which is totally fine with me. I used to clean carpets and I was called by the management of a building that I clean for. A man had fallen and cracked his skull. He bled on the carpet before the ambulance got there. The building said if the carpets stained, he would have to pay for new carpets which he could not afford. I went down, cleaned the carpets and never charged him. He could not have afforded to pay and I knew that. I feel funny telling these stories, it's just what we should do for one another. I have often cleaned the windows for new businesses in the area and not charged them for a year or more. I know how hard it is to make a business successful. So, I like to help them along. God has blessed me and I want to share my blessings.
Brooks McCumbee hosts a Hospice Auction / fundraiser the 3rd Sunday in July. Last year the event raised $11,000 for Hospice. He organizes everything. Brooks gets all the gift cards & gift certificates for the event &  auction along with putting 2 trips together to Tennessee to be auctioned off.
Kai Kenney tells me he does so small tasks whenever his neighbor needs help. Weed eats the lawn, fix a leaking toilet, help with tv issues and helping her to learn how to use her new smart phone. Also shoveling her snow if the gentleman from the church doesn’t beat him to it. Just little things whatever she might ask. 
We have an amazing group of people in our board. 

Rules Quizzes
(Answers are located at the bottom of the page)
High School
1. A player has just committed his/her fifth personal foul. The correct order of notification is 1) the player who fouled out, 2) the coach and 3) the timer to start the 15-second clock for substitution. True or False?
2. Following a sideline out-of-bounds violation, the ball is awarded to Team B. The Team B head coach requests and is granted a time-out. When play is resumed, the officials mistakenly give the throw-in to Team A, which results in a score by A2. The officials now recognize the error and stop play. After conferring, they count the goal by A2 and award a throw-in to Team B at the endline.  Are the officials correct? 
3. A bench technical is given to the Team B assistant coach. As a result, the Team B head coach loses the privilege of using the coaching box. True or False?
4. The U2, positioned opposite the home team bench, is responsible for the eight (8) non-jumpers during a jump ball. True or False?
5. The official administering the jump ball should have their whistle in their mouth while tossing the ball in the event a jump ball violation occurs. True or False? 
Men's Collegiate Edition
1. The coaching boxes shall extend from the sideline to the back of the team benches and shall be bounded by the end line and no farther than the 38 foot line. T-F
2. If a Head Coach is out of the Coaching Box, the Head Coach should be given a coaching box warning. T-F
3. In question 2, after a warning, the Head Coach should be penalized with a Class B Technical Foul if they are out of the box again. T-F
4. B1 fouls A1, Team A is in the single bonus, A1 is awarded “2” shots and is successful on both attempts. The game will continue because A1’s first shot was successful and was entitled to his 2nd attempt. T-F
5. Officials have to ability to use courtesy warnings and scorebook warnings. T-F 
Women's Collegiate Edition
1. The color, style and design of all teammates game jerseys and game shorts shall be alike. T-F
2. When the officiating crew leave the visual confines of the playing court when the final quarter or overtime are over, the score has been approved and the game is over. T-F
3. The Referee must possess the ability to manage players and coaches by being an effective communicator, using appropriate measures to maintain respect for the game. T-F
4. A1 has a ball for a throw-in on the sideline, B2 is defending the throw-in, reaches through the plane of the boundary line and touches and dislodges the ball from A1. The official timer starts the game clock. T-F
5. In question 4, Team B should be charged with a warning and B2 should be charged with a player/ substitute technical foul. T-F 
International Edition
1. If it is necessary to protect an injured player, the officiating crew may stop the game immediately. T-F
2. A1 appears to have injured their ankle and the game is stopped. Team A’s doctor enters the court and treats A1’s injured ankle. A1 should be substituted. T-F
3. The following may enter the playing court, only with the permission of an official, to attend to an injured player:
A. Head Coach.
B. Assistant Coach.
C. Substitutes.
D. Excluded Players.
E. Accompanying delegation members.
F. All of the Above.
4. A doctor may enter the playing court, without the permission of a referee if, in the doctor’s judgment, the injured player requires immediate medical treatment. T-F
5. The following are the only persons permitted to sit on the team bench:
A. Head Coach
B. Assistant Coaches.
C. Substitutes.
D. Excluded Players.
E. Accompanying Delegation Members.
F. All of the Above
RefQuest is an online platform for high school.  It was developed for basketball officials, by basketball officials. The creation of RefQuest provides a resource for referees to collaborate. This technology has been advanced by the RefQuest visionaries and utilizes world-class programmers who have made the platform user friendly, intuitive and provide unmatched value. 
IAABO and RefQuest have teamed up to provide another great resource to the members of both organizations. IAABO's core mission is "to educate, train, develop, and provide continuous instruction for basketball officials." RefQuest provides new and exciting technology to help reach that goal. 

If you would like to participate, please send an email message to
deppley@iaabo.org and include your name, email address and board number. 

Sportorials Writers Wanted
Dust off your writing skills; IAABO is looking for members to submit articles for publication in SPORTORIALS.  We are specifically looking for rules-based articles and human interest stories involving our members.  If you have the time, we have a dime for your efforts.  Actually, we have several dimes.  In other words, we don’t expect anyone to write for FREE.  Authors who have articles that are printed will be compensated.
Please send your submissions to deppley@iaabo.org

 To make a donation click here.

Calling All Good IAABO Citizens
So many of us impact our communities and our world for the better.  IAABO would like to highlight many of the good deeds our officials have done throughout the year. We want to emphasize our belief in being good corporate and community citizens in the areas where we live and work.  So, whether it be a random act of kindness or an organized volunteer effort, no good deed is too big or too small!  Trust us, we’ll be humble so that our officials can be proud.  Send your email to IAABO @ info@iaabo.org  and tell us about a good deed you did this year.
Some examples include:
  • Rescued a puppy
  • Bought lunch for a stranger
  • Organized a fundraiser
  • Volunteered at a homeless shelter
  • Donated blood
  • Shoveled a neighbor’s driveway
  • Helped a friend in need

IAABO University
"An online basketball officiating certification class"

If your board is participating and has prospective officials that would like to enroll in the course, please have them contact the IAABO Office @ info@iaabo.org
Apply to be a High School Official!
Make a difference in your community and become a high school official. #BecomeAnOfficial. Click here to read more.
Officially Human; Behind the Stripes LLC (OH) was founded by Brenda Hilton as a grassroots effort to "humanize" sport officials in all sports at all levels. Brenda has spent close to 20 years working with sport officials and coordinators at the DI level and grown to appreciate them for all they do for our youth and young adults. OH is currently working with 12 high school associations (with more on the horizon) across the country to survey officials at that level, gathering information to take back constituents and participating states in hopes of building a nationwide campaign. To date, 16,000+ officials have shared thoughts and ideas on how to address the issue. 
OH currently has sportsmanship banners available for purchase to be displayed at venues; they can be customized with the venue logo. 
Steve Zazuri, owner of Blow Your Whistles located in Monroe, Connecticut, has been selected to be the Preferred Smitty/IAABO Dealer for all New England IAABO Boards.  Steve is currently an active IAABO Board No. 9, Fairfield, CT member.  Both Smitty and IAABO are very excited for Steve to service the New England IAABO membership.  Steve will continue to provide his same outstanding service to the IAABO Boards in New York.  He can be reached at (203) 261-3128 or szazuri@blowyourwhistles.com.
Visit – www.blowyourwhistles.com to order your Smitty/IAABO products
Smitty Officials’ Apparel – Smitty is the exclusive vendor for IAABO Logoed products.  Click here to view a listing of preferred retailers.
Click here to purchase Ref Life gear and enjoy Free Shipping - Must use code RefLife when checking out.

IAABO Patches

Recently, the IAABO Office has received numerous inquiries about IAABO patches and their availability for purchase.  IAABO Patches are no longer available for purchase.  This was discontinued several years ago.  Please visit Smitty Officials’ Apparel – Smitty is the exclusive vendor for IAABO Logoed products.  Click here to view a listing of preferred retailers.
Incrediware - A Natural
Wearable Anti-Inflammatory
Incrediware’s mission is to design innovative products that help patients recover more effectively and faster while assisting medical professionals to deliver a new standard of care through further development and application of unique materials.  IAABO officials are being offered the same discount as all NBA and NCAA officials.  The promo code is:  NCAAREF (30% discount). www.incrediwear.com
IAABO Watch and Gift Set
IAABO watch and gift sets are now available at a special price of $99.95.  To order your watch and gift set, please contact Donnie Eppley@ 717.713.8129 or email:  eppleyd@comcast.net
Special Deals for IAABO Basketball Officials
Briggs and Riley Luggage
Briggs and Riley Luggage - Officials will receive a 60% discount on any product.  Officials must use the form which can be obtained by clicking here - There is a lifetime guarantee on the luggage. 
ISlides – Customize your own IAABO ISlides.  Click here to get started.

BRAZYN Foam Roller

The Morph” is a collapsible foam roller that can be packed in your roller bag and taken on the road with you.  No more will you have to ask the training room for a foam roller.
Move Better – Feel Better – Move More – Experience More
Expands instantly
Collapses instantly
Light weight (1.5 lbs)
Strong (up to 350 lbs)
Targeted – releases knots and flushes toxins
True usability – standard size – easy to use
Sustainably made – eco-friendly materials
Use the code BRZNBB15 at check out and get 15% off.
Answers to Quizzes
High School
1. False: The coach, the timer to begin the 15 second replacement interval, then the player who fouled out. (Rule 2-8-4)
2. Yes: (Rule 7-6-6, Case Book Play 7.6.6)
3. True: Head coach receives an indirect technical and loses coaching box privileges (Rule 10-6-1.a)
4. True: (IAABO Manual p. 177 Section 3.d, p.178, Diagram)
5. False: Whistle should be removed. (IAABO Manual p.176, B.1.d)
Men's Collegiate
1. True- 4-15.2.a.2.
2. False-4-15.2.a.
3. False-4-15.2.d
4. True-1-21.3.
5. False-1-22.2
Women's Collegiate
1. True-1-22.3
2. True-2-4.3
3. True- CCA Manual-2.3-(4).
4. False-5.10.2.a
5. True-10-12.3h
1. True - Art. 5.2
2. True - Art. 5.3, Int. 5-1, 5-2.
3. F - Art. 5.4
4. True - Art. 5.5
5. F - Art. 7.3
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